The 4th COGCI Ph.D. course


The Earth System

no course planned at this time

on Bornö, Gullmarfjorden, Sweden








The purpose of the course is to ensure that the Ph.D. student acquires a certain overall knowledge of the Earth system.


Content and credit points


The course will deal with the evolution and workings of the whole Earth system (climate, atmosphere, oceans, life forms, geochemical cycles...) over the Earth history in the context of simple conceptual and mathematical models. This evolution has been governed by interactions among ocean, atmosphere, land, ice and life subsystems, subject to forcing by the sun and plate tectonics, and has been characterized by stable or slowly-varying conditions interspersed with episodes of rapid change.


Students participating in the course will be credited 5 ECTS points.




The daily schedule will be three lectures in the morning, some free time after lunch (for fishing, swimming, walks etc.), project work in the afternoon, and a summary of the project work and student talks in the evening.


The lectures will be given by:


Jřrgen Bendtsen, DMU

Christian Bjerrum, Institute of Geology, University of Copenhagen

Gary Shaffer, Department of Geophysics, University of Copenhagen

Karina Lindberg, DMI

Jens Olaf Pepke Pedersen, DSRI


The lectures will cover:

- the basic concepts for Earth System Science,

- the atmosphere,

- the oceans,

- the evolution of the Earth and its biosphere,

- the characteristics of the Earth at various geological stages, and

- the biogeochemical cycles .


The project work will make use of a number of computer models.  Computers are available on Bornö for the modeling work.


The evening student talks will give all participants the chance to give a short (20 minute) presentation of their Ph.D. project.


The detailed information on the program will be updated on: http://


For students from Copenhagen there will be transportation to Bornö with mini-van, arriving at Bornö in the afternoon of XXX. There will be an introduction to the school at 20.00 h. Departure will be in the morning of XXX




The course is organized jointly by DCESS (Danish Center for Earth System Science, and COGCI (Copenhagen Global Change Initiative, There is room for 15 participants, and the course will also open to some students outside COGCI or the University of Copenhagen, but they may have to cover some of their own expenses (travel and accommodation).




You can register for the course by sending an e-mail with your name and address to Jens Olaf Pepke Pedersen ([email protected]). The deadline is XXX, but you are encouraged to do this as early as possible, since the course is limited to 15 students.
Bornö Station


Bornö Station, on the island of Stora Bornö in Gullmarfjorden (situated about 100 km north of Göteborg), is an international resource for research and education concerning the oceans and the role of the oceans in climate change. Bornö Station is the only activity on this beautiful island (4 km x 1 km), which is also a nature reserve.


Bornö Station was built in 1902 by Otto Pettersson and Gustaf Ekman, two pioneers in ocean science. The station, considered by many to be the cradle of Swedish oceanography, was conceived to enable instrument development, advanced observations, data analysis and manuscript preparation, all at the same location. For example, Otto Pettersson carried out some of the first observational and theoretical studies of internal waves in  the waters off Bornö. In 1932 the station was acquired by the Swedish state through a grant from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation. Today Bornö Station is run by the Bornö Institute for Ocean and Climate Studies - a foundation jointly run by the Niels Bohr Institute for Astronomy, Physics and Geophysics (University of Copenhagen), Dept. of Oceanography (Göteborg University) and the district government of Göteborg.


An observational platform, suspended from an adjacent cliff and extending 20 m from the shore, permits observations down to 34 m depth in all weather conditions. (Daily temperature and salinity measurements were made here during the years 1931-1989). A computer network, a well-equipped electronics lab and room for sea water analysis are other facilities. A 7 m catamaran is used for transport and field work in the fjord. There is accommodation for some 20 visitors.