Title: Urbanization and environmental changes in the Oresund area.




The Copenhagen-Malmö/Lund area has the potential to become one of the leading  dynamic centres of Northern Europe.  The infrastructure has been improved significantly and urban growth and development areas can therefore be expected. An enhancement of urban growth implies new flows of material, energy, information, people and money, and a change in land use will be a likely reaction. This may potentially have a large impact on both the marine and atmospheric environment of the region.



The main objective of the project is to quantify the impact of the increased human activities on the environment. The project can be directed either towards processes controlling the atmosphere or the marine environment. For the atmospheric part the aim is to establish a carbon budget and demonstrate the sensitivity  of this budget with respect to  changing human activities.   This can be done by integrating the influence from  the major  sources (e.g. soil emission and combustion of fossil carbon) and  sinks within the region  (e.g. photosynthesis or permanent deposition on land or in the sea). For the marine environments the aim would be to  establish a nutrient and sediment budget for the Oresund area, and to quantify the amount of nutrient inflow to Oresund from rivers and adjacent marine areas and the resulting concentration levels and their temporal and spatial variation. It is expected that these research topics will  be assessed by use of numerical models and that this will include the effect of global warming and sea level rise.


Scientific cooperation:

The PhD-student will be involved  in a newly establish interdisciplinary project involving the University of Lund and University of Copenhagen  This research will include both human and physical aspects.



The atmospheric fluxes of Carbon dioxide should primarily be based on eddy correlation measurements from already established stations on Zealand and in  Copenhagen and Scania.  The marine measurements should include both field measurements and the use of already existing numerical hydrodynamical and/or ecological models. In both cases the use of GIS (e.g. Arc view) for the purpose of spatial scaling will be welcomed.


Contact: Henrik Søgaard, [email protected], Institute of Geography, University of Copenhagen and DMU